Southern bluefin tuna (Thunnus maccoyii) was the first of the three bluefin tunas to be recognized as a distinct species. Like the other bluefin tunas (T. thynnus and T. orientalis), Southern bluefin reaches large sizes: adults commonly grow to 180 cm in length.
Thunnus maccoyii is found in the Southern Hemisphere in the temperate and cold waters of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans. Southern bluefin’s thermoregulation capacity enables it to tolerate water temperatures from more than 25°C in the subtropics to less than 3°C in the sub-Antarctic regions. Southern bluefins migrate vast distances and tend to form schools by size, especially when they are juveniles and during the spawning season.
|Size (cm)||Weight (kg)||Age (yrs)|
- Thunnus maccoyii is found in the Southern Hemisphere of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans.
- Its geographical range varies between 30°S and 50°S, to nearly 60°S.
- Thunnus maccoyii is assessed and managed by the Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna (CCSBT) RFMO.
- The other tuna RFMOs — Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC), International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT), Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC), and Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) — defer to CCSBT for the management of Southern bluefin.