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Non‑entangling biodegradable fish aggregating devices Fish aggregating devices that, in addition to having no risk of entanglement, are constructed using only natural and/or biodegradable materials (e.g., bamboo, sisal, jute, palm leaves, coconut fiber, cotton) to further reduce the environmental impact of FADs on the oceans….

Non‑entangling fish aggregating devices (NEFADs) Fish aggregating devices that are constructed with no netting material, to minimize ghost fishing (entanglement of fauna, primarily sharks and turtles). For a FAD to be completely non‑entangling, it must use no netting materials either in the surface structure (raft)…

Biodegradable fish aggregating devices Fish aggregating devices constructed with natural or biodegradable materials that reduce the impact of beaching and debris. The term biodegradable is applied to a material or substance that is subject to a chemical process during which microorganisms that are available in…