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Observer coverage The amount of observer effort (number of human observers or electronic monitoring devices) set for a fleet, so that it is sufficient to ensure that fisheries comply with fishing rules and regulations. Observer coverage also is used to record data for scientific and…

Observer programs (or programmes) An important component for fisheries management that consists of monitoring commercial fishing activities at sea, and reporting key information — such as data on catch, effort and bycatch — for scientific, compliance and management purposes. An observer program can include trained…